Beamlines

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The following is a list of x-ray scattering beamlines available to the user community:

Available Synchrotron Beamlines

Beamline Facility Status Description Techniques Energy range q-range Access
SMI (12-ID) NSLS-II at BNL (New York, USA) Running SMI ("Soft Matter Interfaces") is an undulator beamline at NSLS-II, optimized for frontier measurements. It is a high-flux and high-resolution instrument optimized for grazing-incidence measurements on interfaces, though also capable of performing world-class transmission scattering experiments. Contact Mikhail Zhernenkov, or Kevin Yager for details. SAXS, WAXS, GISAXS, GIWAXS, XR 2.1 keV to 24 keV Very wide q-range (SAXS, MAXS, and WAXS). Available through NSLS-II user program, and CFN user program.
CMS (11-BM) NSLS-II at BNL (New York, USA) Running CMS ("Complex Materials Scattering") is a three-pole wiggler beamline at NSLS-II, optimized for advanced and ambitious experiments, including complex in-situ sample environments and autonomous experimental control. CMS can perform transmission and grazing-incidence scattering across a wide q-range (simultaneous SAXS/WAXS possible). Many sample environments are available for in-situ studies (thermal or solvent processing, tensile or shear studies, high-pressure, etc.); a robotic sample exchanger facilities high-throughput studies. The instrument is particularly well-suited to studying nanomaterials. Contact Masa Fukuto, Ruipeng Li, or Kevin Yager for details. SAXS, WAXS, GISAXS, GIWAXS 10 keV to 17 keV 0.002 Å−1 to 4.2 Å−1 Available through NSLS-II user program, and CFN user program.
LiX (16-ID) NSLS-II at BNL (New York, USA) Running LiX ("Life Science X-ray Scattering") is an undulator beamline at NSLS-II, offering high flux in the tender regime. The beamline is optimized for SAXS/WAXS studies of bio-materials, including proteins in solution and bio-macromolecules organizing into nanostructures. Contact Lin Yang or Shirish Chodankar for details. BioSAXS, SAXS, WAXS, GISAXS, GIWAXS 2.1 keV to 18 keV Available through NSLS-II user program.
CHX (11-ID) NSLS-II at BNL (New York, USA) Running CHX ("Coherent Hard X-ray scattering") is an undulator beamline at NSLS-II, offering exceptionally high coherent flux. The beamline is optimized for XPCS, and coherent scattering. CHX is also capable of tradidtional scattering experiments, including SAXS, WAXS, and GISAXS. Contact Andrei Fluerasu or Lutz Wiegart for details. XPCS, SAXS, WAXS, GISAXS, GIWAXS 6 keV to 16 keV Available through NSLS-II user program.
8-ID-E APS at Argonne National Lab (Chicago, USA) Running 8-ID-E is an undulator-based side station with these specifications. The beamline is described in Jiang et al, J. Synchr. Rad. 19(4) 627-636 (2012). GISAXS, GIWAXS, XR 7.35 keV 0.004 Å−1 to 0.14 Å−1, 0.004 Å−1 to 0.20 Å−1, 0.1 Å−1 to 2.2 Å−1 Accepting proposals through the APS General User Program
Chemical and Materials Science Group APS at Argonne National Lab (Chicago, USA) Running See website for details. SAXS, WAXS, GISAXS, GIWAXS, USAXS 6.5 to 34 keV 0.002 Å−1 to ~1 Å−1
7.3.3 ALS at LBNL (Berkeley, USA) Running 7.3.3 is a SAXS/WAXS/GISAXS/GIWAXS beamline, covering a wide q range (0.004 - 3 Å−1) and length scale (2 - 1500 angstrom); and well-optimized for materials science studies. Various sample environments are available, including DSC hot stage for transmission, hot stage for grazing incidence, tensile stage, hot stage for liquid crystal cell, helium environments, hot stage for capillary, slot die printer, solvent annealing chamber, etc. Robot for automatic sample exchange for GISAXS/GIWAXS is under test. Detector in use include Pilatus 2M (photon-counting, low noise, high frequency up to 300hz), Pilatus 300KW, Pilatus 1M, Pilatus 100K. See more details at ALS website. New users, please contact Alex Hexemer, Eric Schaible, or Chenhui Zhu for details. SAXS, WAXS, GISAXS, GIWAXS 10 keV 0.004 Å−1 to 3 Å−1 General user program. Rapid access is also available.
CHESS D1 CHESS at Cornell (Ithaca, New York, USA) Undergoing upgrade (2018/19) D1 is a highly modular SAXS/GISAXS beamline, with available microfocusing optics. The beamline has in-situ microscopy and spectroscopic reflectometry for visualizing and measuring film thickness. A wide variety of in-situ sample environments are available. See website, or contact Detlef Smilgies, for details. SAXS, GISAXS 8 to 15 keV 0.005 Å−1 to 0.3 Å−1, 0.1 Å−1 to 2.5 Å−1 CHESS proposal system
CHESS G1 CHESS at Cornell (Ithaca, New York, USA) Undergoing upgrade (2018/19) G1 is a SAXS beamline including a variety of specialized sample environments (in-situ integration with chromatography, temperature control, etc.). See website for details. SAXS, GISAXS, WAXS, BioSAXS 8 to 13 keV 0.005 Å−1 to 0.3 Å−1, 0.1 Å−1 to 2.5 Å−1 CHESS proposal system
CHESS B1 CHESS at Cornell (Ithaca, New York, USA) Undergoing upgrade (2018/19) B1 is a SAXS/WAXS beamline focused on high-pressure (DAC) experiments using hard x-rays. See website for details. SAXS, WAXS 15 to 30 keV CHESS proposal system
I07 Diamond Light Source (UK) Running I07 is optimized for surface and interface diffraction. See website for details. SAXS, WAXS Accepting proposals through the Diamond user proposal system.
I22 Diamond Light Source (UK) Running I22 is a small-angle scattering and diffraction beamline. See website for details. GISAXS, GIXD, XRR Accepting proposals through the Diamond user proposal system.

Available Labscale Instruments

Instrument Facility Status Description Techniques Energy range q-range Access
Customized labscale instrument (based on Bruker Nanostar and SAXSLAB components) CFN at BNL Running This labscale rotating-anode instrument is available to users. Of course a labscale instrument will not have the flux or resolution of a synchrotron beamline; nevertheless this instrument is optimized for resolution, while providing sufficient flux for measuring strongly scattering systems (e.g. nanoparticles). The sample environment is under vacuum, and offers both transmission-mode and grazing-incidence stages. Contact Dmytro Nykypanchuk or Kevin Yager for details. SAXS, WAXS, GISAXS, GIWAXS 8.04 keV 0.005 Å−1 to 0.3 Å−1 (up to ~2 Å−1 using image plate). Available through CFN user program.

Past Synchrotron Beamlines

The following beamlines are no longer available. However, they are retained for historical reference.

Beamline Facility Status Description Techniques Energy range q-range Access
X9 NSLS at BNL Decommissioned in Sept. 2014 X9 is an undulator-based (high-flux) and high-resolution beamline that can perform transmission and grazing-incidence scattering across a wide q-range (simultaneous SAXS/WAXS possible). Typical beam size is 150 µm for TSAXS and 50 µm for GISAXS (focus to ~15 µm is possible). Measurements in air or vaccum are possible. Sample environments for performing in-situ sample heating (RT-220°C for GISAXS, RT-80°C for TSAXS) are available. Accomodations for in-situ experiments (solvent annealing, electrochemical cells) are also possible. Contact Lin Yang, Masa Fukuto, or Kevin Yager for details. SAXS, WAXS, GISAXS, GIWAXS 6 keV to 20 keV 0.002 Å−1 to 4.2 Å−1 No longer available.