# Momentum transfer

In scattering, the momentum transfer is a vector in the 3D reciprocal-space that denotes the change in momentum between the incoming and scattered rays. It thus describes the interaction between the radiation and the sample. This quantity is also frequently called the scattering vector, and is normally denoted by $\mathbf{q}$ or $\vec q$, in vectorial form, or simply by q when only the magnitude of the vector is relevant (for 1D scattering; e.g. TSAXS).
Some sources use $\scriptstyle s$ instead of $\scriptstyle q$ to denote momentum transfer.
$q = 2 \pi s$